Στοιχεία για το θεσμικό πλαίσιο και την άσκηση του
επαγγέλματος της αρχιτεκτονικής στην Ελλάδα - Ευρωπαϊκό πρόγραμμα Leonardo
da Vinci "Come si fa"
1. The Revision of the institutional framework of the
Architect' s profession practice Decree 4663/30, constitutes a fixed demand
of the sector, and SADAS-PEA has repeatedly pointed out the need for the
legislation of a new framework which will be able to correspond to the
contemporary conditions with a new determination of the sector's competences,
based on the studies' cognitive content.
· Unqualified persons must not exercise professions that require maximum scientific training and specialization.
· The countless repercussions of the cost and the quality of the works due to the detachment of the architects' professional rights from their scientific competence must not charge the whole society.
· The trivialization of the role and the devaluation of the profession of the architects from the State and from all enacted bodies (Technical Chamber of Greece) in general, must not continue.
2. Where the architecture sector and more specifically the professional relations between architects and civil engineers are concerned, architects have pointed out the need for a clear determination between the two professions, based on the cognitive content of their studies. The right of architectural practice should be obtained after 5 years of university level studies that will provide the graduate with the capability for a complete and balanced apprehension of architecture, the aesthetic and functional knowledge, the theoretical documentation, the social embedding and the technical competence of Architectural work, as thoroughly described in the 3rd article of the EEC Architects Directive. Such a regulation would enable the upgrading of the projects' specifications, the supervision's quality and the works' control.
3. At the same time, the architects have recognized a social reality, created by the present institutional framework regarding those practicing the profession of the architect and the civil engineer up to now. It is obvious that a special settlement should be provided for the above professionals in the new institutional framework. Today the architects are over 17.000 and they are more than sufficient as for the needs of our country.
4. In this direction, after many years of efforts a common decision of the Associations of Architects (SADAS-PEA) and Civil Engineers has been published on 12.3.1985, based on the EEC Architects Directive, and was communicated to the Ministry of Environment and Public Works and to the Technical Chamber of Greece (TEE). The regulations and processes foreseen in this decision, agreed and charged both by the Government and the Technical Chamber of Greece (TEE) were one-sidedly materialized and only where the civil engineers of the European union were concerned. The procedures that concern the national area have stopped with the responsibility of both the government and the Technical Chamber of Greece (TEE).
5. As known, in August 1985 the Directive 85/384/EEC
"for the mutual recognition of degrees, certificates and other titles
in the field of architecture and the establishment of measurements for
the facilitation of real exercise of the right of installations and free
services" was published. The above directive was incorporated in
our internal Law (with a 6 years delay for which our country was convicted
by the Court of European Communities) with Presidential Decree 107/1993
which brings forward the provisions of the Directive regarding the minimal
requirements of the content of the degree of Architectural studies, that
constitute an essential condition for the Practice of the architect's
It is therefore obvious that holders of degrees or certificates that do not fill the above minimal conditions of architectural studies cannot practice the profession of the architect.
During 5-6 May 2001, a conference of the representatives
of the European Union's Organizations of Architects was held in Athens;
matters of professional exercise of architecture concerning the origin
countries were presented during the conference, pointing out the formation
and structure of the professional institutions, the existing
The Association of Greek Architects (SADAS-PEA) considers
the matter as a major professional priority, as the eventual abolition
of the EEC architects' directive brings forward, in a dramatic way, the
matters of professional competence as for the practice of technical professions
in the European Union.
Greece became a member of the European Union in 1981.
Athens is it's capital.
1. In Athens
2. In Thessalonica
3. In Patras
The degrees of all five Architectural Schools are equivalent
to the degrees of the European Union counties.
About Professional Practice
The crisis regarding graduate architects
Rate of Salaries
Professional rights for design - supervision
Fees for design - supervision of technical projects
Penalization of the profession
Architects in Greece are employed in three sectors of occupation:
1. The Private sector,
We would like to point out that the higher percentages, regarding the presence of women engineers, appear within Architects (about 35%).
Architects employed in the Public and Wider Public sector (Corporations, Municipals, Organizations) constitute approximately the 15% of the total number of architects.
This percentage appears to be constantly reducing, because the current employment is not analogous to that of 1980 and 1990. Furthermore, women architects occupy a high percentage when compared to men.
In the Private Sector there is a percentage of approximately 60% of the total amount. It includes employees of small or large Technical Firms and small or large Design Offices. They may be plain employees that handle current matters or they may set their Design or Contractor's Degree at the disposal of the relevant firm or office.
The sector of Self-employment concerns those who deal with design and supervision of private projects, keeping a private office or co-residing with engineers of other sectors, e.g. civil engineers, electrical engineers, surveyors.
According to a research conducted by the Technical Chamber of Greece (TEE), the percentage of free lancers, self-employed persons and employers is higher among the residents of Thessalonica and other areas of Greece, compared to their colleagues in Athens.
Where fees are concerned, civil servants are the most underpaid employees, with regards to the work they produce and the exclusive use of their professional practice license, which they dispose to the State. According to the general point of view, a SPECIAL PAYROLL FOR ENGINEERS should be created.
Most private sector employees, working at private firms, are facing problems. They work over 8 hours on a daily basis. A 33% works 9-10 hours and a 16% over 10 hours. A 42% works 7-8 hours and the rest of them, work approximately 7 hours. Architects of Thessalonica and other areas of Greece work over 10 hours, again when compared to the ones of Athens.
There is also a category of architects that their work is not related to architecture (approximately 2,5%).
Architects practicing their profession have to deal with the following problems:
1. Illegal competition and absence of meritocracy